Grade 7 General Music

Hi 7th Grade Music Class!

Here's where I'll post materials for class.

-Mr. Meiklejohn,
K-12 Music Educator,
Madawaska School Department


Due first class next week (10/25): a one-page essay on the characteristics and qualities of Baroque music.

Study notes for tomorrow's quiz on the 10/20 lecture on Baroque music:

Baroque music — A style of Western music composed from approximately 1600-1750.

Characteristics of Baroque music:

  1. One mood throughout entire piece or section.
  2. Movements of composition alternate between contrasting moods, tempos and/or dynamics.
  3. Changes in dynamics occur abruptly, not gradually, and only change to slightly louder or softer (not drastically louder or softer).
  4. Beat is steady and metronomic; rarely are there accelerandos or deccelerandos.
  5. Melodies tend to move in stepwise motion along major or minor scales.
  6. Melodies were often ornamented with extra notes.

Accelerando — gradual increase in speed.

Decelerando — gradual slowing down of the tempo.

The most famous and well-known composer of the Baroque era is German composer Johann Sebastian Bach.

Trill — A rapid alternation between two notes, usually only a half or whole step apart.

Ornamentation in Baroque music is the use of trills and other “fast notes” around a central note, to “decorate” or “embellish” the main melody line.

In the Baroque era, performers would often improvise or compose their own ornamentation to another composer’s work.

Allegro — A passage or piece of music played at a brisk tempo.

Adagio — A slow passage, movement or work.

Minuet or Menuetto — A slow, but light and graceful style of playing music, usually in 3/4 or 6/8 time.

Movement — A self-contained part or section of a larger composition, which could be played on its own.

Shawm — An early musical woodwind instrument with a double reed and ancestor to the oboe.

The early Baroque era saw increasing use of different families of instruments, mainly strings and winds, playing “in concert” together.

Baroque music started to incorporate greater use of multiple melodic lines being played at the same time.

The listening example used in class was Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 by J.S. Bach, which has four movements:

  1. Allegro
  2. Adagio
  3. Allegro
  4. Menuetto
Oct 20, 2016, 2:52 PM